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Research Context

The current research focus is the ethnic Muslim and indigenous enclaves of Mindanao in the Philippines, where deadly and destructive civil strife and massive civilian displacements have been breaking on and off for the last 50 years.

Earthquakes, flooding, typhoons and disease outbreaks are worsening the impact of conflict-induced under-development, with the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic still to be assessed.

This context fragility disproportionally affects women, opening the road to a normalisation process of rights-abuse and to modern forms of slavery.

While the developed MCAT Toolkit is context specific, it can be adapted to all fragile contexts that have been affected by conflict and persistent violence. A lack of knowledge about women's awareness of their rights and dignity in conflict-affected societies risks lessening the impact of ODA commitments. In turn, this promotes passive welfarism rather than development, and denies women a direct voice.

Photos by Bobby Timonera,

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